Legal staying
Documents allowing Belarusian nationals to stay in Slovakia.
Visas

If you want to travel to Slovakia, you need to apply for a visa. The purpose of your stay might vary, and it influences the type of the visa you should apply for.


There are three types of visas you can apply for:

1) Schengen visa (type C)
You should apply for this type of visa for a short-term stay in Slovakia for purposes such as:
· tourism;
· medical treatment;
· business, cultural, or sports trip;
· private visit upon an invitation or visiting close relatives;
· other reasons.
A Schengen visa may be issued with a maximum validity of five years.

2) National visa (type D)
You should apply for this type of visa for a long-term stay in Slovakia for purposes such as:
· work;
· language study;
· setting up a business;
· family reunion with a person granted asylum;
· other reasons.
A national visa may be issued with a maximum validity of one year.

3) Transit visa (type A)
There are no regular flight connections between Belarus and Slovakia and thus air transit practically cannot happen. Since 2010, just one Belarusian citizen has applied for this type of visa, but it was not granted.

Where to apply?

You can apply for visas at the Slovak Embassy in Minsk or at the visa centres located in Minsk and in Gomel.

A visa application should be accompanied by a number of documents and the list of those documents varies depending on the type of visa you want to apply for and the purpose of your stay in Slovakia.
The list of documents required for the application is available here. The list of supporting documents needed to accompany the Schengen visa application is available here. Additional information for applicants requiring a national visa is available here.

Visa application forms (in Slovak, English, Russian, German, Ukrainian, Turkish, and French) are available for download here. Alternatively, you can fill in the visa application online and submit it electronically via this site.

Information on visa application fees is available here.

Within three days of your arrival in Slovakia, you should inform a competent police department about the start date, place, and anticipated length of your stay. If you are staying in a hotel or other accommodation facility, the managers will do this on your behalf.

Detailed information on the process of obtaining a visa is available here.

Residence permit

It is possible to obtain various types of residence permits depending on the purpose of your stay in Slovakia.

Usually, you must attach all necessary documents for the application for a residence permit to your application for a national visa. If you are already in Slovakia, you can apply for a residence permit at the Foreign Police Department competent for your place of residence in Slovakia. Addresses of the departments are available here. Information on the fees for residence permits is available here.

Temporary residence

If you plan to work (including on the basis of the Blue Card), start a business, or study in Slovakia, you may be granted a temporary residence permit. Depending on the purpose of your stay, a temporary residence permit could be issued for a period of:
· up to six years for permits for study purposes;
· up to two years for permits for work and conducting research activities or other special activities (lecturing, sport, artistic, and voluntary work activities, activity of an accredited journalist, medical treatment, or internship, among others);
· up to three years for setting up a business;
· up to five years for family reunification.

The application for a temporary residence permit should be accompanied by documents which:
· prove the purpose of your residence;
· prove that your criminal record is clear;
· confirm that you have accommodation in Slovakia;
· prove that you have the financial resources to support yourself in Slovakia.

Submitted documents must be translated to Slovak, authenticated, and should not be older than 90 days.

The application for a temporary residence permit is available here. Detailed lists of the documents that must accompany an application for a temporary residence permit according to the purpose of stay are available here (in Slovak and English).

After obtaining a temporary residence permit, you have 180 days to enter Slovakia. Upon your arrival in Slovakia, you must:
· report the start of your stay at the Foreign Police Department within three working days;
· sign up for health insurance within three working days of receiving your residence card;
· submit a medical report confirming that you do not suffer from any disease endangering public health and submit proof of health insurance to the Foreign Police Department within 30 days of obtaining your residence card.

Permanent residence

You can apply for permanent residence for five years if you fulfil one the following conditions:
· you are married to Slovak citizen or you are a direct dependent relative of a Slovak citizen with permanent residence;
· you are under 18 years of age and you are a dependent relative to a person with permanent residence in Slovakia;
· in exceptional cases, if it is in the interest of the Slovak Republic.

Additionally, you can apply for a permanent residence permit for an indefinite period if you have been holding a five-year permanent residence permit for at least four years or you are under 18 years of age and you are a dependent relative to a person holding permanent residence permit for an indefinite period. Documents necessary for obtaining a permanent residence permit for an indefinite period are listed here.

If you possess permanent resident status, you have the same rights and duties as all citizens of the Slovak Republic in most areas of life (e.g. employment, health care, social affairs, and public life at the regional level).

Long-term residence

You can also apply for a long-term residence permit at the Foreign Police Department:
· after you have lived in Slovakia for an uninterrupted period of at least five years;
· your long-term residence has expired;
· you have lived in the EU as a Blue Card holder for an uninterrupted period of at least five years and the last two years of this period you lived in Slovakia.

When your residence permit expires

The application for renewal of your residence permit needs to be submitted before the valid permit expires (by the last day of your legal residence). However, it is recommended to apply for the renewal of a residence permit six months before this date. If you submitted an application for the renewal of your residence permit no later than on the last day of its validity, your stay in Slovakia is considered legal until the new application is processed.

The application is available here and the list of documents which you have to attach is available here.

Irregular stay

If you do not possess any document entitling you to stay in Slovakia, you can be expelled. If the police conclude that there is a risk of avoiding expulsion or there are other risk factors, you can be detained before your departure to Belarus.
The project is co-financed by the Governments of Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia through Visegrad Grants from International Visegrad Fund. The mission of the fund is to advance ideas for sustainable regional cooperation in Central Europe.