My rights
What are the rights of Belarusian nationals on the labour market in the Czech Republic?
Labour rights
A foreigner has the right to obtain a written contract. No legal regulation is provided for Czech employers to translate the contract into the foreigner's native language. The type of work, place of work, and working hours must be specified in the contract. Weekly working hours should not exceed 40. Every worker has the right to take a 30-minute break from work after a maximum of six hours of continuous work. Overtime work, work during holidays, work during weekends, and work at night must be financially compensated with higher per-hour wages. A worker has the right to take a holiday break in aggregate for four weeks per one calendar year.

Every foreign worker has the right to participate in trade unions. An employer can in no way exploit the labour rights of a worker. Such exploitation may include:
· paying below the minimum wage;
· withholding wages;
· forcing an employee to work under demeaning conditions;
· intimidating a worker;
· confiscating a worker's documents;
· financially rewarding employees differently for the same amount of work;
· not honouring the basic rights described in the Labour Code and Civil Code.

If a foreign worker stays in the country legally and has the required documentation from the labour office, they must be paid the same as any domestic worker doing the same type of job.


Social security
The Czech Republic has a Social Security system consisting of three pillars. The first pillar is Social Insurance, which includes sickness insurance and retirement income insurance. The second pillar is State Social Support (SSP), which provides a child allowance, a housing allowance, a birth allowance, a parental allowance, and other allowances. The third pillar is Assistance in Material Need, which provides a living allowance, a housing allowance, and immediate emergency assistance. Each person can apply for State Social Support or Assistance in Material Need at the labour office. In practice, the employer pays contributions to the Social Security system on behalf of their employees, including foreign workers (provided they have valid job contracts and a properly documented legal stay).

Access to full Public Health Insurance is given automatically to holders of long-term residence permits or permanent residence permits. Otherwise, a foreigner must have a work agreement with a company registered in the Czech Republic that in case of injury, their expenses will be covered by the employer. If such an agreement is not part of the contract, a foreigner risks not getting the necessary medical treatment, risks finding themselves indebted, or even risks immediate deportation. Similar to social insurance, health insurance is also paid by the employer. It is recommended that a foreigner should always carry his health insurance card or related document.
The project is co-financed by the Governments of Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia through Visegrad Grants from International Visegrad Fund. The mission of the fund is to advance ideas for sustainable regional cooperation in Central Europe.